Minimally invasive surgery is performed entering the body through the skin or an anatomical opening, avoiding major scalpel cuts necessary in conventional or open surgery. It uses fiber optic cables, television monitors and specifically designed tools.
It has several advantages such as: lesser post-op pain and less risk of bleeding and infection. It thus shortens both hospital stay and recovery period. It has also better aesthetic results, with smaller scars.
The technique of entering the abdominal cavity using a laparoscope (a long thin round instrument with a video lens at its tip) that is inserted through a small incision around the belly can be used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
- Fertility study – determining of uterine tubes permeability – chromopertubation
- Diagnosis and study of pelvic pain
- Cancer diagnosis and staging
- Family planning. Tubal ligation
- Solid or cystic ovarian tumors
- Pelvic endometriosis
- Infertility – Ovarian drilling
- Removal of uterine fibroids
- Removal of uterus and surrounding structures
- Treatment of malignant pathologies
- Surgical treatment of cervical, endometrial an ovarian cancer